教育理论 什么是教育戏剧-企业新闻
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教育理论 什么是教育戏剧

2017-05-27 15:40:50 本站 点击数:800

教育理论 什么是教育戏剧

创意戏剧英语俨然成为少儿英语教材的最新的创新形式,学生可以参与到戏剧表演过程中,从而学到更多的知识和技能。戏剧元素纳入到英语教学过程中,创造出教学的新形式,也给学生带来新的体验,提升了学习的效果。创意英语戏剧的理论是教育戏剧,那么什么是教育戏剧呢?

Drama in Education

教育戏剧

Drama in education is the use of drama techniques to support learning in the classroom. Drama in education was at first called creative dramatics and the founder of the field was Winifred Ward. By creative dramatics she meant a classroom teaching method that emphasizes self-expression, training in spoken English and literature appreciation. The term is also sometimes used interchangeably with development drama, educational drama, informal drama, process drama, and framed expertise.

教育戏剧是将戏剧技术运用于支持课堂教学活动。教育戏剧最初被称为创造性戏剧,其领域的创始人是Winifred Ward。通过创造性戏剧,她意图建立一种重视自我表达,口语英语和文学欣赏的课堂教学方法。这个术语有时与发展型戏剧,教育戏剧,非正式戏剧,过程性戏剧和框架专长互换使用。

Drama in education differs from theater that is performed as scripted dialogue on a set in front of an audience. The most distinctive characteristic of creative dramatics is the lack of scripts. As part of drama in education, the entire class often plays improvised roles within an imagined context. As a result, there is no sharp distinction between actor and audience, the learner is both participant and observer.

教育戏剧不同于在观众面前的脚本对话的戏剧。创意戏剧最具特色的是没有脚本。作为教育戏剧的一部分,整个课堂都经常会设想一个情景,即兴扮演角色。因此,演员和观众之间没有明显的区别,学习者既是参与者,也是观察者。

Practitioners of drama in education often note their emphasis of process over product to explain their approach. While in a stage theater production the focus is more on rehearsal as a means to an end, the ultimate performance, in drama education, the process is the end in itself. Students learn as a result of the choices and decisions they make during the development or improvisation. The classroom teacher facilitates the drama by building on the actions and reactions of students and changing the imagined context so as to create an episodic sequence of dramatic action.

教育戏剧的从业者经常注意到他们对产品过程的重视,以解释他们的做法。在舞台戏剧制作中,重点更多的是将排练作为最终表演的手段,在教育戏剧中,这个过程本身就是目的。学生通过在开发或即兴创作中作出的选择和决策来学习。课堂教师通过搭建学生的行动和反应,改变想象的情景,创造出戏剧表演中的各个场景来推动戏剧的进行。

There are a number of benefits of drama in education. Creative dramatics helps students develop interpersonal skills. Research has shown that cooperation among students increases thanks to creative dramatics. In creative dramatics, students also often enter into leadership roles while they plan activities, such as scriptwriting.

教育戏剧有很多好处。创意性的剧本帮助学生发展人际关系技巧。研究表明,创意戏剧可以增进学生之间的合作。在创意戏剧中,学生在设计表演活动时也经常担任领导角色,如剧本创作。

Creative dramatics helps students understand other cultures as they play the roles of people in these cultures or create narratives about these cultures. Through such activities students also develop empathy because they see characters from different perspectives. Creative dramatics promote tolerance.

创意戏剧帮助学生理解其他文化,因为他们扮演的角色来自这些文化,或创造了关于这些文化的叙事。通过这些活动,学生们也会产生同情心,因为他们从不同的角度看待角色。创意戏剧促进宽容。

Creative dramatics gives students an opportunity to understand disciplines such as history and literature from different perspectives as well as to explore ideas from multiple angles. Thus, it fosters critical thinking. In creative dramatics, students and educators have various options such as role-playing, acting, movement, scriptwriting, technical theater, and improvisation. Students who have engaged in creative dramatics are willing to take more risks. While students tend to feel anxious about creative activities initially, they gradually become more self-confident.

创意戏剧使学生有机会从不同角度了解历史、文学等学科,并从多个角度探索思想。因此,它促进了批判性思维。在创意戏剧中,学生和教育者有不同的选择,如角色扮演、表演、动作、剧本写作、技术剧场和即兴创作。从事创意戏剧的学生愿意承担更多的风险。虽然学生开始对创意活动感到焦虑,但渐渐变得自信。

Creative dramatics helps improve students' attitude toward school and the way they perceive themselves. Research shows a decrease in absenteeism among students who engage in creative dramatics. Creative dramatics can also improve student comprehension of the material in class as it helps students learn content, writing, and drama simultaneously. Teachers use creative dramatics to help students develop a greater vocabulary and improved word recognition. Students' listening skills, oral expression, and writing skills are also improved thanks to creative dramatics.

创意戏剧有助于提高学生对学校的态度及其感知方式。研究表明,从事创意戏剧学生的旷工减少。创意戏剧也可以提高学生对课堂材料的理解力,因为它可以帮助学生同时学习内容,写作和戏剧。教师使用创意戏剧来帮助学生发展更大的词汇量和改进词汇识别。创造性的戏剧性,学生的听力技巧,口头表达和写作技巧也得到改善。

Creative dramatics can facilitate learning of foreign languages. Students can perform plays in the language they are learning in school. By practicing their speaking skills in a foreign language in an environment where the instructor can provide feedback, students develop confidence in their foreign language abilities.

创意戏剧可以促进外语学习。学生可以用他们在学校学习的语言来表演戏剧。通过在导师可以提供反馈的环境中以外语练习他们的口语能力,学生对外语能力有信心。

There was remarkable growth in research on drama in education at the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century. A number of journals, including Applied Theatre Researcher, Drama Research Journal, Research in Drama Education, and Youth Theatre Journal, began to be published. Drama in education practitioners with preparation focused on the field also contributed to the field. By contrast, previous researchers had often been classically trained in theatre before moving into the field of education. Research on drama in education has brought to bear a wide variety of methodologies in the study of classroom learning.

二十世纪末,二十一世纪初,教育戏剧研究取得了显着的增长。一些期刊,包括应用戏剧研究员,戏剧研究杂志,戏剧教育研究和青年戏剧杂志,开始出版。戏剧在教育从业者准备专注于该领域也为该领域做出了贡献。相比之下,以前的研究人员在进入教育领域之前经常在戏剧方面进行过经典的训练。对教育戏剧的研究已经在课堂学习研究中带来了各种各样的方法。

In public schools in the United States, creative dramatic techniques are used in two areas. One is more closely related to theater and concerns drama-related extracurricular activities. While creative dramatics is most commonly used in English classrooms, such techniques can also be used in a variety of other contexts, including history and foreign language learning.

在美国的公立学校,创造性的戏剧技巧在两个方面都被使用。一个与戏剧更密切相关,涉及与戏剧有关的课外活动。虽然创意戏剧最常用于英语课堂,但这种技巧也可以用于各种其他语境,包括历史和外语学习。

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