趣味英语双语新闻 运动会降低乳腺癌的发病率-教材资讯
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趣味英语双语新闻 运动会降低乳腺癌的发病率

2017-06-07 18:09:10 本站 点击数:630

趣味英语双语新闻 运动会降低乳腺癌的发病率

Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in women. Hundreds of thousands of new cases are identified worldwide every year.

乳腺癌是妇女最常见的癌症形式。全世界每年都有数十万例新发病例。

Now, one of the largest cancer prevention studies of its kind has reported some sobering findings. Just one alcoholic drink a day can increase the risk of developing breast cancer. But, the researchers also found there are things people can do to reduce their risk.

现在,癌症预防最大的研究机构之一报告了一些清晰的发现。每天只喝一杯酒可以增加发生乳腺癌的风险。但是,研究人员还发现人们可以做些事情来降低风险。

The American Institute for Cancer Research did the study. It examined 119 past studies involving 12 million women. 260,000 of them had breast cancer.

美国癌症研究所做了研究。它检查了119项涉及1200万妇女的研究。其中26万人患有乳腺癌。

Anne McTiernan was the lead writer of the report. McTiernan is with the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Washington.

该报告的主要作者是安妮·麦蒂尔南(Anne McTiernan)。McTiernan与华盛顿州西雅图的Fred Hutchinson癌症研究中心合作。

She said the research showed a connection between drinking alcohol and increased risk of breast cancer in 10 studies involving 4,000 women. The women were of childbearing age and had developed breast cancer.

她说,研究显示,在涉及4000名妇女的10项研究中,饮酒与乳腺癌风险增加之间存在联系。妇女还处在育龄期,并发展成乳腺癌。

The study found that the women who drank about 10 grams of alcohol a day had a five percent increased risk of breast cancer.

研究发现,每天喝约10克酒精的妇女的乳腺癌风险增加了百分之五。

Although five percent seems like a small amount, the study's chance of mistake was very low, said McTiernan.

McTiernan说,尽管5%似乎是少量的,但研究的错误机会非常低。

Another group of studies involved 35,000 women who were post-menopausal and had developed breast cancer.

另一组研究涉及35,000名绝经后妇女并发展成乳腺癌。

“We found that there was a nine percent increased risk of drinking that same amount of alcohol, an average of 10 grams a day of alcohol. Again, a small glass of wine, eight ounce(s) of beer, one ounce of hard liquor.”

“我们发现,在相同酒精量的情况下,饮酒风险上升了9%,每天平均喝10克酒。再一次,一小杯酒,八盎司的啤酒,一盎司的烈酒。“

McTiernan said the World Health Organization considers alcohol to be a carcinogen – a substance that can cause cancer. It contains a liquid called acetaldehyde, which damages DNA.

麦蒂尔南说,世界卫生组织认为酒精是致癌物质——一种可能导致癌症的物质。它含有称为乙醛的液体,可损害DNA。

Investigators also found ways to lower risk. They say forceful exercise, such as running or fast bicycling, decreased the risk of breast cancer. Young women who were the most physically active had about a 17 percent decrease. A 10 percent decrease was found for post-menopausal women who took part in similar exercise.

调查人员还发现降低风险的方法。他们说强力运动,如跑步或骑自行车,降低了乳腺癌的风险。身体最活跃的年轻女性减少约17%。进行类似运动的绝经后妇女减少10%。

Moderate activity, such as walking and gardening, was found to reduce the risk of breast cancer by 13 percent in the most active women compared to the least active.

发现中度活动,如散步和园艺,可以让他们与最不活跃的女性相比,将乳腺癌的风险降低了13%。

There was also evidence that eating a non-starchy, plant-based diet lowers the risk. However, that does not mean people must eat only vegetables, McTiernan said.

还有证据表明,吃非淀粉,以植物为基础的饮食降低风险。然而,这并不意味着人们只能吃蔬菜,麦克唐纳说。

“It just means eating a lot of fresh vegetables and fruit: making sure most of the vegetables are non-starchy, not potatoes; eating dairy products because they are high in calcium and they have some benefit on their own.”

“这只是意味着吃很多新鲜的蔬菜和水果:确保大多数蔬菜是非淀粉的,而不是土豆;吃乳制品,因为它们的钙含量高,他们自己有一些好处。“

McTiernan said eating a diet with lots of fruits and vegetables can help women keep their weight down. That is important, since being overweight can increase an older woman's breast cancer risk.

麦蒂尔南说,吃大量水果和蔬菜的饮食可以帮助妇女保持体重。这很重要,因为超重可以增加老年妇女的乳腺癌风险。

The Institute says one in three breast cancer cases in the U.S. could be prevented if women cut alcohol from their diets, stayed physically active and kept a healthy weight.

研究所说,如果妇女从饮食中切断酒精,保持身体活跃并保持健康的体重,美国就有三分之一的乳腺癌病例可以预防。

The American Institute for Cancer Research is part of the World Cancer Research Fund, which collects and studies information from around the world on cancer prevention.

美国癌症研究所是世界癌症研究基金会的一部分,该基金会收集和研究了世界各地有关预防癌症的信息。

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原文连接:http://www.eshareedu.com/News/detail/id/665.html


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