澳大利亚的自然拼读教学 Phonics in Australia-运营管理
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澳大利亚的自然拼读教学 Phonics in Australia

2017-06-16 18:11:44 本站 点击数:1088

澳大利亚的自然拼读教学 Phonics in Australia

自然拼读已经成为英语国家幼儿英语教材启蒙的必备内容,成为国际教学专家的共识。中国地区的幼儿英语教育行业,在教材引进、教材选择、课程设置上也可以参考欧美等国的经验。在澳大利亚,自然拼读也成为教育部要求的英语阅读启蒙的必学内容,教育部组织的专家通过调查论证,证实自然拼读对于幼儿英语启蒙和阅读能力的提升具有明显的作用。

那么自然拼读在澳大利亚是怎样的呢?

On 30 November 2004 Brendan Nelson, Minister for Education, Science and Training, established a National Inquiry into the Teaching of Literacy. The Inquiry examined the way reading is taught in schools, as well as the effectiveness of teacher education courses in preparing teachers for reading instruction. The first two recommendations of the Inquiry make clear the Committee's conviction about the need to base the teaching of reading on evidence and the importance of teaching systematic, explicit phonics within an integrated approach.

2004年11月30日,教育培训部长Brendan Nelson在识字教学方面发起了全国调查。调查研究了学校教授的阅读方式,以及教师阅读准备方面的课程的效果。调查的前两项建议清楚地表明,委员会坚信阅读教学需要以事实为基础,以及系统教学、明确的自然拼读重要性。

The executive summary states, "The evidence is clear ... that direct systematic instruction in phonics during the early years of schooling is an essential foundation for teaching children to read. Findings from the research evidence indicate that all students learn best when teachers adopt an integrated approach to reading that explicitly teaches phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary knowledge and comprehension." The Inquiry Committee also states that the apparent dichotomy between phonics and the whole-Language approach to teaching "is false". However, it goes on to say "It was clear, however, that systematic phonics instruction is critical if children are to be taught to read well, whether or not they experience reading difficulties."

执行摘要指出:“证据显而易见……在教育初期(启蒙阶段),直接系统自然拼读指导,是教孩子阅读的必要基础。研究证据的结果表明,所有学生在教师采用综合的阅读方式明确地教授音素意识,语音,流利,词汇知识和理解。调查委员会还指出,语音与全语言教学方法之间的明显差异“虚假”。然而,它继续说:“然而,很明显,系统的语音教学是至关重要的,如果孩子要被教导阅读好,无论他们是否遇到阅读困难。”

In the executive summary it goes on to say the following:

在执行摘要中,继续说:

"Overall we conclude that the synthetic phonics approach, as part of the reading curriculum, is more effective than the analytic phonics approach, even when it is supplemented with phonemic awareness training. It also led boys to reading words significantly better than girls, and there was a trend towards better spelling and reading comprehension. There is evidence that synthetic phonics is best taught at the beginning of Primary 1, as even by the end of the second year at school the children in the early synthetic phonics programme had better spelling ability, and the girls had significantly better reading ability."

“总体而言,作为阅读课程的一部分,综合语音学方法比分析语音学方法更有效,即使在补充音素意识培训的同时,也导致男孩读到的单词明显优于女孩,而在那里是更好的拼写和阅读理解的趋势,有证据表明,小学一年级开始时,最好教授合成语音,即使在第二年末在学校,早期合成语音程序中的孩子具有更好的拼写能力,女孩读书能力明显好转。“

从上可以看出,澳大利亚的语文课程设置,十分注重自然拼读的学习,从幼儿园到小学低年级,通过几年时间培养,让孩子们掌握英语的读音和拼写之间的规则,通过音素认知、拼读学习打好语音基础,并综合其他课程,建立完善的英语基础,扫除阅读障碍,达到流利阅读的目的。

希尔斯在考察了多家国际大型出版社的自然拼读教材之后,选择了一套科学而完美的自然拼读教材,dino Phonics,学生会在五册的教材中,逐步地培养孩子的英语能力。第一阶段学习字母与发音,第二阶段学习短元音,第三阶段学习长元音,第四阶段学习辅音字母组合,第五阶段学习双元音。通过系统的自然拼读知识学习,赋予孩子征服英语的能力,教材配套的故事书,为学生准备了精美的故事和绘本,帮助他们在阅读中巩固拼读能力,并发展理解能力,激发学习兴趣,树立学习的自信。总之,从各方面来讲,dino Phonics都可以算是一套完美的教材,非常适合中国3-12岁孩子学习英语使用。

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原文连接:http://www.eshareedu.com/News/detail/id/698.html


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