习题 直接引语和间接引语相关练习-教材资讯
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习题 直接引语和间接引语相关练习

2017-07-04 17:57:24 本站 点击数:864

习题 直接引语和间接引语相关练习

通过幼儿英语教材孩子们会通过各种各样趣味化的活动形式,学习关于英语的各种知识和技能,做好启蒙。过渡到小学阶段之后,孩子们的学习会逐步进入系统性学习当中,词汇、语法以及拼读和听说读写能力都能有所提升。直接引语和间接引语也是小学阶段需要学习的一项基本语法点,从早期的best friends教材到后来的bounce now和fantastic English教材,都有所涉及。

“直接引语变间接引语”这种题型在小学中常常出现,有一定的难度,很多学生容易出错。其实,直接引语是直接引用别人的话,而间接引语则是转达别人说的话。“直接引语变间接引语”就是要求把别人说的原话进行转述。

一、如何变人称;

下面有一句顺口溜“一随主。二随宾,第三人称不更新”。“一随主”是指在直接引语变间接引语时,如果从句中的主语是第一人称或被第一人称所修饰。从句中的人称要按照主句中主语的人称变化如:

She said. "My brother wants to go with me." →She said her brother wanted to go with her.

“二随宾”是指直接引语变间接引语时,若从句中的主语及宾语是第二人称。或被第二人你所修饰。从句中的人称要跟引号外的主句的宾语一致。如果引号外的主句没有宾语。也可以用第一人称,如:

He said to Kate. "How is your sister now?" →He asked Kate how her sister was then。

“第三人称不更新”是指直接引语变间接引语时。如果从句中的主语及宾语是第三人称或被第三人称所修饰从句中的人称一般不需要变化如:

Mr. Smith said: "Jack is a good worker。"→Mr. Smith said Jack was a good worker。

二、如何变时态:

直接引语在改为间接引语时、时态需要做相应的调整。

现在时它需改为过去时态;过去时态改为完成时;过去完成时则保留原来的时态。如:

1) She said. "I have lost a pen." →She said she had lost a pen.

2) She said. "We hope so." →She said they hoped so.

3) She said. "He will go to see his friend。"→She said he would go to see his friend。

但要注意在以下几种情况下。在直接引语变为间接引语时,时态一般不变化。

①直接引语是客观真理。

"The earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth, the teacher told me. → The teacher told me the earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth。

②直接引语是过去进行时,时态不变。如:

Jack said. “John, where were you going when I met you in the street?” →Jack asked John where he was going when he met him in the street。

③直接引语中有具体的过去某年、某月、某日作状语,变为间接引语时,时态不变。如:

Xiao Wang said. "I was born on April 20, 1980。" →Xiao Wang said he was born on April 20, 1980。

④直接引语如果是一般现在时。表示一种反复出现或习惯性的动作,变间接引语,时态不变。如:

He said, "I get up at six every morning。" →He said he gets up at six every morning。

⑤如果直接引语中的情态动词没有过去时的形式(例:ought to, had better, used to)和已经是过去时的形式时,(例:could, should, would, might)不再变。如:

Peter said. "You had better come have today。" →Peter said I had better go there that day。

下面是一些关于直接引语和间接引语的练习,将下列句子中的直接引语改为间接引语:

1. “I am very happy.” said Fisher proudly.

2. Dinny said: “I saw Mr Muskam yesterday.”

3. He said: “I will have finished my work by that time.”

4. “I have never seen anything more beautiful than this.” he said.

5. Mr Rochester said; “I‟ve settled everything; and we will leave Thornfield tomorrow.”

6. “It is too late.” he said.

7. “Here is Miss Eyre, sir,” said Mrs Fairfax. 8. “I will try it,” said Kate.

9. “I‟ve studied biology,” he said.

10. “We will go back to the house,” he said.

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原文连接:http://www.eshareedu.com/News/detail/id/741.html


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